Symbolic Execution for Attribution and Attack Synthesis in Neural Networks
Deep Neural Networks (DNN) are increasingly used in a variety of applications, many of them with substantial safety and security concerns. This paper introduces DeepCheck, a new approach for validating DNNs based on core ideas from program analysis, specifically from symbolic execution. The idea is to translate a DNN into an imperative program, thereby enabling program analysis to assist with DNN validation. A basic translation however creates programs that are very complex to analyze. DeepCheck introduces novel techniques for lightweight symbolic analysis of DNNs and applies them in the context of image classification to address two challenging problems in DNN analysis: 1) identification of important pixels (for attribution and adversarial generation); and 2) creation of 1-pixel and 2-pixel attacks. Experimental results using the MNIST data-set show that DeepCheck’s lightweight symbolic analysis provides a valuable tool for DNN validation.